雅思考试:剑桥真题阅读考点词分享
新航道小编华南总校小编 发布于 2020-05-22 「雅思词汇」 阅读(
  在雅思阅读备考中,考生可以重点积累一些考试中常见的考点词,包括这些词汇的词义及运用方法。今天小编为大家整理了一些剑桥真题阅读考点词,希望对大家备考雅思阅读有一定的帮助。
 
  1.rigid/ stiff/ unchanged/ little change 僵硬的,一成不变的 2.significant/enormous/dramatic/tremendous/appreciably/remarkable/crucial/巨 大的,明显的,程度大的/substantial
 
  3.approximately 将近-nearly,almost
 
  4.proportion/ percentage 比例
 
  5.be involved (in)/ involve in/ involvement[n.] 涉及,卷入,参与
 
  6.given/ considering , in regard to /despite/ although 有鉴于 考虑 到,尽管
 
  7.induce [v] 引入,引导,引诱/ inductive [n] 归纳 >< deduce /deductive 推断
 
  8.deplete 开采完,耗尽/ exhaust –exhaust emission (尾气)排放/ exploit
 
  9.complex 错综复杂的/complicated/ sophisticated 老奸巨滑的,复杂的 10.capacity 能力,容量/competence (竞争)能力/ ability 能力(笼统的)
 
  11.确保,保障:Secure-security/ ensure (insure)/ guarantee 押金
 
  12.solely/ merely/ only
 
  13.a vast array of 系列/ a great variety of 花样,品种/ a great rang 系列 of
 
  14.pesticide 杀虫/suicide 自杀/ homicide/ murder 杀人
 
  15.believe/ assume (responsibility)/suppose
 
  16.授权,委托:authorize/ commission 佣金/ entitle 头衔 + ment =right (权 利)
 
  17.purchase/ buy
 
  18. ethnic 种族的/ethic 伦理,道德的 + s =[n ]
 
  19. modify/ change [v] shift work 轮班工作[n]
 
  20. insight/knowledge/ learning/understanding/ knowing
 
  21.constrain 拘泥,限制/ restrict 限制/ limit
 
  22. circumstance 环境(社会 )/ surroundings/ environment 环境( 环保 ) 背景 background 后台/ settings 后台,布景/ context 上下文( 文章中 )
 
  23.notorious 臭名昭著的/flagrant 臭的><fragrant p="" 香的
 
  24.移民:immigrant (进来)/ emigrant(出去)/migrant
 
  25.兴旺,繁荣;prosperous/ thriving/ booming(人口,行业)/flourishing
 
  26.神圣的:divine/heavenly/ holy/ sacred
 
  27.有毒的:poisonous/toxic ( in-, non- 无毒的)
 
  28.致命的:deadly/fatal/ lethal/ mortal 29.类似于:look like/ resemble
 
  30. chronic 长期的,慢性的— long-term 长期的
 
  31.网恋:virtual love/cyber love
 
  32.网友:on-line /net/cyber friend 上网(聊天)chat online/ go on-line cyber café/
 
  网吧 33.evolve-evolution 进化/ revolute-revolution 革命,旋转 / involve-involution 卷入,涉及
 
  34. indicator/ predictor 表示诠释,预测
 
  35.indicate/ demonstrate/ display/exhibit/betray
 
  36. therapist /expert/ specialist
 
  37. 优点,长处,美德:advantage/ merit/ virtue/ length
 
  38. commonest/ frequent
 
  39. 未开发的,初级的:rudimentary/ underdeveloped
 
  40. 退化:degenerate/-tion [n] ->generate 生产,制造/degrade ->grade 等
 
  级/ deteriorate 恶化,每况愈下
 
  41. 分类:category-categorize/class-classify
 
  42. consequence 后果->影响/ subsequence 紧跟其后/ sequence=order 秩序/ frequency 频率
 
  43.clash 冲突(民族,种族)/crash 飞机坠毁
 
  44. substitution=> substitute sth for sb/replace
 
  45.alternative=> 选择性,代替性,辅助性
 
  46.孤立:isolate/ alienate/insulate隔绝, 排外,孤立->be alien to/insulate (-ior) 绝缘,隔热(体)
 
  47.缺点,不足之处:defect/ flaw/ failing/ disadvantage /drawback 48.创新的,发明的,新颖的,创新的:inventive (-tion)/ innovative (-tion)/ creative (-tion)/ ingenious
 
  (ity) /novel (-ty)=>[n]/creative/revolutionary 易错拼写: environment/convenient
 
  49.neutral 中立的,中性的 /negative 否定,消极,阴性的 /positive 肯定,积极,阳性的
 
  50.ambiguous->ambiguity 模棱两可的,暧昧的/obscure
 
  51.communicate 沟通,传达,通报
 
  52.accommodate 1 供...食宿,2=adapt to 适应,调整,3=hold容纳,4 使...停靠 53.commitment 1 ~ to sth 奉献 2 责任,义务
 
  54.contribute to 导致~ result in /account for (占据)导致
 
  54.缺乏的,不足的:
 
  inadequate/ insufficient/ deficient/lack(of)/ short (of)
 
  55.强调:emphasize/stress/ highlight/ focus on/ concentrate on 明显的:apparently显而易见的/patently 道貌岸然的/obviously=>evidently
 
  56.对...怀疑:(be) /skeptical/skeptical /dubious/ suspicious (about/of)
 
  57.缺点,缺陷:drawback/ fault/ defect/ imperfection/ failing/ weakness/shortcoming/ f law
 
  58.臭命昭著的:notorious->notoriety/flagrant/ smelly/ odorous
 
  59.机构,组织:association/ structure /organization
 
  60.超过:exceed/surpass
 
  61.岩浆:molten rock/lava/ magma
 
  62.语言:linguist ~学家/ lingual 和~有关的/bilingual/ 双语
 
  63.多种多样的:diversity/variety/ breed/ species breed:[n]品种,[v]繁殖, 培养,引起,造成
 
  64.dialect 方言 accent腔调
 
  65.开始的,初步的:begin/ launch/ initial (-ly) [v] 首字母,开始的/ initiate 开始,发动->initiative原创性= origin
 
  66.贫穷:poor/ inpoverty/ impoverished( 被剥夺财产的)
 
  67.杰出:eminence(-t)/ prominence (-t)/unusual
 
  68.gene/ genetic defect ~缺陷/ anatomy 解剖/ conceive 构思,怀孕/ deliver 分娩
 
  69.辅助性:alternative 补充性/ therapist
 
  70.演绎,推理:deduce->deductive / inferential >< induce 引导,引入,归纳 ->induction 归纳
 
  71.令人困惑的:bewildering/puzzling/ perplexing
 
  73.subsidize 辅助/
 
  74.a factor in
 
  75.be preferred
 
  76.attitude to/ how subsidy 补助,补贴/ subsidiary sth/ depend on sth
 
  by/ choice
 
  77.the present
 
  78.broad/ great
 
  79.in term of 管
 
  80. small-scale
 
  81. physical/ medical
 
  82.negotiation/ agreement
 
  83.evolve/ develop
 
  84.apartment/ accommodation
 
  85.virtual (love)/ simulate
 
  86.catastrophe/ disaster
 
  87.innovate/ invent刻,雕塑/ 工艺
 
  88.exorbitant/ expensive
 
  89. be participant in/ take part in/participate in 90.labour [美,澳]/workcentury/ modern society按照,在...方面,关于/with regard to, in spite of 不顾,尽小范围/ marginal 边缘处的 谈判,洽谈/ 商定,协议公寓/ 住房 模拟的(网恋)/ 模拟大灾难/ 灾难,不幸革新,创新/ 发明,创造 sculpture/craft 雕过度的,极高的/ 费用大的,昂贵的
 
  91.attend to/ take care of
 
  92.dual employment/ dual-worker 双职工(家庭)
 
  93.indicate/ predict 指示,表明,象征/ 预料,预言 A major contributor to/ be
 
  central to 来源,起点/ 是...的主要,中心 原因
 
  94.expert/ therapist 专家,能手;知识丰富的/ 某个专科的专家
 
  95.lead to/ be associated with
 
  96.balanced/ equitable 平等的
 
  97.handicap/ disabled/primitive 残疾的,落后的
 
  98. could not-and cannot/ has always beenunable to by/ from
 
  99.benefit/ advantage
 
  100.substantial influence/ greaterlikelihood
 
  101.agree on/ define
 
  102.considered desirable/ effectiveness
 
  103.masquerade/ (in) disguise
 
  104.insignificant/ didn’t seriously
 
  105.inspect/ examine 审核,检查
 
  106.caliber/ criterion 标准
 
  107.no-one know>< notorious
 
  108.dissatisfy/ argue伪装不重要/不严重的 无人知晓><臭名昭著的 不满意/厌恶,讨厌
 
  109.pessimism/ negative/ blue>< 乐观
 
  110.unsatisfactory/ hardly be looked upon
 
  111.identify/define
 
  112.turn... into/become
 
  113.urban/rural/suburban
 
  114.demolish/knock
 
  115.migration/move
 
  116.pay/ chargesb for
 
  117.separate/split
 
  118.fascination/attraction
 
  119.not require/unnecessary 不需要/ 不必要120.decode/ decipher 译解(密码),解释
 
  121.delay/drawback= disadvantage 耽误,延迟/ 欠缺,弊端 122.association/ organization 机构,关联/ 组织
 
  123.*recent/current/ nowadays/present 比较近的/ 现代的/ 当今的/现 在
 
  124.intensiveburst/ explosive release 强烈的爆发/ 爆炸性的释放
 
  相联系(带来...的好处)
 
  125.recognized/identified
 
  126.aim to/ focuson
 
  127.link...to/lead to
 
  128. inadequate(diet)/ deficiency (in trace minerals) 不充分,不适当的承认,识别,认可/ 识别,鉴别 针对,目标,打算/ 集中连接/导致,通向/ 缺乏,不足
 
  129.basic/fundamental 基础的,基本的 130.seize/catch 捕捉,抓住
 
  131.fatal/ lethal致命的
 
  132.success on/running on 成功
 
  133.costly/ berelated by 有关系的
 
  134.be obtainedin/ be derived in获得,流行,通用/由…产生,起源于
 
  135.high-income/wealthy 高收入的/富裕的
 
  136.be alike/ besimilar to 相同的,相似的
 
  137.indicate/show 显示,指出,象征
 
  138. eliminate/lessen ><消除/ 减少
 
  139. not risensignificantly/ stagnate 停滞不前的
 
  140.salary/ wage 工资:总称/ 蓝领的
 
  141.create/ gain 创造,造成/ 获得,增加
 
  142.economy/financial 经济
 
  143.administration/management
 
  144.(be)sympathetic/ understand
 
  145.introduce/involve 引入/ 卷入
 
  146.change/different
 
  147.die><存在
 
  148.almost/approximately
 
  149.be out ofdate/ be developed
 
  150.solve/ reduce减少
 
  151.famous/eminent有效率的/ 上升的生产率
 
  152.barrier/hurdle
 
  153.higherposition/ top post
 
  154.Advantage:virtue,merit,benefit, positive aspect, strength, 好处 ,优点,长处
 
  155.Disadvantage:weakness, failing, weakness,defect,drawback, negative as pect, fault 不利,缺点,缺陷
 
  156.Casual:arbitrary, unplanned, unexpected, 随意的
 
  157.Effective:efficient, effectual, fruitful, productive, valid 多效的
 
  158.Criticize:reproach, blame, 批评
 
  159.Flaw:weakness, defect 缺点
 
  160.Ability; capability,power, caliber 能力
 
  161.Dishonest:deceptive 不诚实的
 
  162.Fair:equitable, equal, impartial, 公平的
 
  163.Success:achievement, feat 成功
 
  164.Reason:factor, contributor, origin, 原因
 
  165.Result:outcome, consequence, implication 结果
 
  166.Result from:arise from, originate from, be due to, thanks to, 由于,因为
 
  167.Give rise to:contribute to, lead to, result in, cause, breed, c reate, incur 导致
 
  168.Disaster:catastrophe 灾难
 
  169.Pollute:contaminate 污染
 
  170.Poisonous:toxic 有毒的
 
  171.Decrease;fall, drop, plunge, decline, step back, downward, minimiz e, abate 下降
 
  172.Increase:rise, go up, surge, grow, 上升
 
  173.Growing:increasing, rising, 上升的
 
  以上是今天小编为大家带来的“剑桥真题阅读考点词分享”的相关内容,希望可以帮助大家有效的积累雅思词汇,也祝大家能在雅思考试中拿个高分。
 
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